Policies & Positions


Policies & Positions

Our policies and positions are dynamic and are developing constantly. We encourage our members to keep themselves abreast of these developments. Policies and positions are debated and formulated at our AGM, while updates are published in all our communications.

Attend the AGM and be part of the decision-making process!

PHASA policy on hunting (adopted at the PHASA AGM on 17 November 2010)
•    PHASA supports the responsible hunting of all species in a sustainable, extensive wildlife system that can fend for themselves, provided that such species are hunted according to the laws of the land and the PHASA Code of Conduct.

PHASA policy on hunting of leopards over hounds (adopted at the PHASA AGM on 16 November 2011)
•    PHASA supports the hunting of leopards over hounds, within the governance compliance structure of the Sub-Saharan Houndsmen Association.

PHASA position on the hunting of lions (adopted at the PHASA AGM on 21 November 2013)
•    PHASA strongly opposes any form of ‘canned’ hunting and will discipline any of its members who participate in such activity.
•    PHASA will continue to work with government and law enforcement agencies, as it has done in the past, to eradicate this practice.
•    PHASA concurs with the South African government’s position that the breeding of lions in captivity does not threaten our wild lion populations or biodiversity in conservation and that the hunting of such lions is sustainable.
•    PHASA acknowledges that the hunting of captive-bred lions will, for the foreseeable future, remain part of the South African hunting industry. PHASA believes that it is imperative that such hunting be undertaken in a responsible manner and that such hunts comply at all times with nature conservation laws, and conform to the PHASA Code of Conduct and other policies.
•    Accordingly, PHASA accepts, as the MINIMUM norms for such hunting by its members, the Norms and Standards, as set out in the ‘POLICY DOCUMENT: Norms and Standards for Hunting Ranch Lions in South Africa’, as adopted by the South African Predator Association (SAPA) at its AGM, on 16 November 2013.
•    PHASA views the SAPA norms as a stepping-stone to clean up the captive-bred lion hunting industry. PHASA does not believe that those norms are the final word on the hunting of lions.
•    PHASA will always strongly advise its members to set the standards for hunting even higher. In this regard, PHASA is in the process of further dialogue with SAPA.
•    PHASA believes that the hunting of captive-bred lions MUST result in direct funding for conservation and research programmes, in respect of wild lions. Furthermore, PHASA believes that such hunting MUST contribute to social upliftment projects, especially in our poorer rural communities. PHASA has, through the Fund, a proud and phenomenal history in these fields and will use its expertise to make a meaningful contribution. PHASA is in the process of discussing such funding with SAPA and is also looking at such projects on its own.
•    PHASA welcomes working with all stakeholders to develop a coherent approach to the long-term future of our wildlife and natural areas.
•    PHASA is a dynamic association that continues to monitor developments. PHASA will do the same with the lion hunting industry and, from time to time, review its position.
Extract – complete position paper available from the PHASA office or website.

PHASA position on colour variants and intensive game-breeding (adopted at the PHASA AGM on 19 November 2014)
PHASA rejects the following:
•    The hunting of animals in any area other than an ‘extensive wildlife system’, as defined in the Threatened or Protected Species (TOPS) Amendment Regulations, issued in terms of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act of 2004 (Act 10 of 2004).
•    Any notion or claim that colour variants are bred to satisfy a significant demand in the trophy hunting market.
•    Any notion or claim that breeding practices aimed at increasing horn size are necessary because trophy hunting depleted the gene pool.
•    Any notion or claim that the breeding of animals with abnormally large horn lengths is driven by a significant demand in the trophy hunting market.
•    Highly controversial practices such as artificial insemination, cloning, genetic manipulation and any procedure that produces artificial colour variants.
•    The inclusion of any further colour variants in trophy hunting record books.
•    Any form of ‘catalogue marketing’ of individual wild animals or groups of wild animals for hunting purposes.
•    PHASA respects the concept of private ownership and the free market system, but urges breeders to approach such practices with the highest level of due consideration for South Africa’s biodiversity.
•    PHASA acknowledges that the impact of such breeding practices presents a low risk to South Africa’s wild biodiversity, but believes that potential risks need to be monitored and, if necessary, managed in a responsible manner and in consultation with fellow industry stakeholders.
•    PHASA is committed to continued constructive dialogue with all industry stakeholders, in respect of the matters contained in this position paper. As such, this position may be amended from time to time following such discussions.
Extract – complete position paper available from the PHASA office or website.

PHASA position on rhino vita-darting
•    PHASA supports vita-darting as an activity, provided that it takes place within the confines of the laws of the land.

PHASA position on rhino product sales
•    In principle, PHASA supports trade in rhino products, provided that it takes place in terms of properly regulated structures and systems to be adopted and implemented in the future.